Todayilearned todayilearned

TIL about an orangutan named Ken who escaped from his enclosure at the San Diego Zoo multiple times in the 80's. His apparent goals were visiting other animals, throwing rocks at a despised orangutan rival and taking photos with tourists.

TIL about an orangutan named Ken who escaped from his enclosure at the San Diego Zoo multiple tim...

I want details on this rivalry. What did the other one do?

Reading secondary sources, it seems that they started fighting over females and Otis got to keep all of three of them. Ken Allen didn't calm down until after he got four.

“and Ken Allen returned to a simple life of sitting in his pen and giving young children the finger.”

So he broke out of the zoo... to go to the zoo. Man I have got to get down to San Diego that must be one hell of a zoo..

TIL Aunt Bethany in Christmas Vacation sounds familiar because she was the voice of Betty Boop and Olive Oyl in the 30s, 40s, and 50s.

TIL Aunt Bethany in Christmas Vacation sounds familiar because she was the voice of Betty Boop an...

Grace died 30 years ago.

THE BLESSSSINGGG!

At 22 she was hired to play Betty Boop. She reprised the roll for the Roger Rabbit cameo at age 80.

And she still had it.

“Is Rusty still in the Navy?” is exactly how my sister and I greet each other everytime we meet up...

https://youtu.be/Aoj5qIZvwWA

Here you go:

TIL sharks enter a trance-like state known as tonic immobility when turned upside down. A female orca off the coast of California was observed rolling a Great White over to induce this state and was one of the first cases of predation on a Great White in the wild by anything other than a human.

TIL sharks enter a trance-like state known as tonic immobility when turned upside down. A female ...

During a 1997 encounter off the Farrallon Islands off the coast of San Francisco, a group of whale watchers witnessed an orca ramming into the side of a great white shark, momentarily stunning it and allowing the orca to flip it over and holding it in place (ventral/belly up) for around 15 minutes, after which the orca began consuming its prey, much to the surprise of the whale watchers on board. A similar incident was captured on film off Costa Rica in 2014 – this time the orca’s prey was a tiger shark. And it’s not just sharks; orcas have been observed doing the same to stingrays too.

What the orcas were exploiting to their own advantage is a curious phenomenon known as “tonic immobility” (TI). This is a natural state of paralysis, which occurs when elasmobranchs are positioned ventral side up in the water column. For certain species of shark like the great white, which is unable to pump water across its gills unless it keeps swimming, the consequence of being maintained within this ‘tonic’ state for too long is final. Effectively, the orcas have learned how to drown their prey whilst minimising their own predatory exertion.

Ive heard that after orcas are spotted near Australian beaches that it can take weeks for great whites to come back to the area. They know.

Great White : "Did something just kill a Great White?

Other Great Whites: "Fuck that."

There's a report of a tagged great white that was in the area when an orca killed a separate shark, who imediately dove to several thousand meters and swam to Hawaii. Orcas are terrifying

TIL Frank Zappa was a futurist who was enthusiastic for the possibility of holographic imagery. So much so that he recorded footage of himself in the early 70s with the intention to be used when technology got to that point. A Frank Zappa holographic tour using that footage starts next year.

TIL Frank Zappa was a futurist who was enthusiastic for the possibility of holographic imagery. S...

It's refreshing to see someone who wanted to be turned into a hologram go on hologram tour.

William Shatner had himself fully digitized for future use, too. Paul Newman's Will expressly forbids it.

This makes me really happy. Frank is a legend. Dweezil is great too.

It’s cool how out there Frank was and that he didn’t even use drugs.

TIL of Hussain al-Shahristani. An Iraqi who was forced into solitary confinement in prison for 8 years under Saddam Hussein. He kept his sanity by “making up mathematical problems, which he then tried to solve.” He later became Iraq’s minister of higher education and scientific research.

TIL of Hussain al-Shahristani. An Iraqi who was forced into solitary confinement in prison for 8 ...

Solitary confinement has been linked to a variety of profoundly negative psychological outcomes, including suicidal tendencies and spatial and cognitive distortions. Confinement-induced stress can shrink parts of the brain, including the hippocampus, which is responsible for memory, spatial orientation, and control of emotions. In addition to these measurable effects, prisoners often report bizarre and disturbing subjective experiences after they leave supermax. Some say the world regularly collapses in on itself. Others report they are unable to lead ordinary conversations, or think clearly for any length of time. The psychiatrist Sandra Schank2 puts it this way: “It’s a standard psychiatric concept, if you put people in isolation, they will go insane.”

Yet Perez pauses when he is asked how it felt to be confined for so long. “That’s an interesting question,” he says. “Because in a sense, you are confined, and in other senses, you’re free.” Perez says he left solitary confinement a better man than he entered it. He is now fully rehabilitated, and works for the Urban Justice Center, where he helps recently released inmates adjust to the world outside.

Perez calls himself an “anomaly,” and says he can only guess at the factors that made him succeed where so many others have failed. However he did it, what’s clear is that the process began with his own imagination.

Delving into the psyche of someone like this would make for an excellent movie.

Like solitary confinement wasn't enough of a torture, he had to make up math problems too. Wild.

IIRC keeping track of time is key to staving off the insanity that comes with solitary confinement.

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Losing track of time, unable to discern the passing of day into night and vice versa, eventually your mind starts to slip.

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So, maths and numbers kinda make sense in that regard, I guess? Keeps the mind focused.

That's why the first thing you mess with when trying to break a prisoner is their sense of time. Randomly turning lights on and off, feeding at different times. Claiming that a day has passed despite it only being a few hours, then claiming that it's still the same day for a few days etc.

This both disorients the prisoner and messes up their sleep, rendering them tired, disoriented and more open to suggestion.

If this sounds like torture, then that's because it definitely is. It doesn't leave any marks, but it can cause lasting damage, and is often more effective than simply beating the person.

Reprehensible as all hell and super illegal in most western countries.

TIL that Alexander Fleming, discoverer of the miracle drug, Penicillin, almost gave up on it entirely because it was very hard to extract. It was only with the help of Sir Howard Florey and Ernst Chain, whom developed a method of mass production, could penicillin be made available to millions.

TIL that Alexander Fleming, discoverer of the miracle drug, Penicillin, almost gave up on it enti...

Their work on the purification and chemistry of penicillin began in earnest in 1939, just when wartime conditions were beginning to make research especially difficult.

Errr. The work started because of its potential value to the war effort, and was funded precisely because of that.

The other thing is, Fleming hadn't given up, it's more like he'd never tried. He didn't spent any time trying to purify Penicillin as a treatment until Florey & Chain came along ten years later. They realising the potential and put in the effort to get it into a dose for treatment.

The first non-experimental batches created were sent to the North African campaign and were mostly used to treat syphilis that the soldiers caught from the brothels - they were back on the front lines much quicker than those injured by bullets.

The incorrect whom here really fucks up the sentence

The trio shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1945. Let us cheer for those two unsung heroes that have almost been forgotten through time

Oh thank you for pointing that out. I was under the impression that he knew it’d be effective but he couldn’t figure out how to get it out. And yeah that part of the article is written a bit weirdly, great eye!

Try one of these subthreads